Erleben und Verhalten während der Corona-Krise: Eine Online-Befragung in der österreichischen Bevölkerung

Autorinnen und Autoren Sibylle Kietaibl, Christiane Eichenberg
Institution(en) Sigmund Freud Uni Wien
Zeitpunkt(e)/Zeitraum der Erhebung(en)
Art der Stichprobe und Benennung der Personengruppe(n) und Anzahl

Fragestellung(en) der Befragung

Background: Particularly during the early and middle stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, a population’s compliance with precautionary measures (e.g. hygiene rules, smart working, travel restrictions and quarantine) is paramount in preventing the virus from spreading.
Objective: The investigation and documentation of different socio-demographic and personality-specific factors in regards to preventative measures and consequent specific health behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic, based on the Health Belief Model.
Method: An online survey was conducted on N = 3006 individuals living in Germany and Austria during the early stages of lockdown. The questionnaire consisted of a self-administered section, exploring the dimensions posited in the Health Belief Model: perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, perceived barriers, perceived benefits of health-promoting measures, and engagement in health-promoting behaviors. Additionally, the following standardized scales were used to record personality determinants: the Stress Coping Style Questionnaire SVF 78 to evaluate coping and processing strategies in stressful circumstances, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) to assess the emotional state induced by the coronavirus crisis, the UI-18 scale to diagnose the intolerance of uncertainty, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) to assess anxiety.
Results: In line with the Health Belief model, four groups were created based on perceived susceptibility and engagement in health-promoting behaviors, and consequently studied in relation to personality determinants.
Conclusion: The typification has implications for establishing the appropriate support systems. This is particularly important to encourage compliance with preventive regulations within the groups, which showed poor abidance for several reasons.



Diese Information wurde am 16. April 2021 aus dem Repositorium IHS entnommen.

Analytische Ausrichtung online survey
Themen in Stichworten

Mobilität, Verkehrsmittelwahl

Theoretischer Rahmen/Zugang Gesellschaft
Sonstige Hinweise/ggf. Besonderheiten

This factsheet is only available in German.

ggf. weitere Partner
Zentrale Befunde der Studie im Überblick/Highlights
Methodische Ausrichtung
Geographischer Raum der Studie
Bibliographische Angaben zentraler Publikation(en)
Repositorium Factsheet